EARLY HISTORY OF BURDEN
January 25, 1928
is approaching the 48th anniversary of her founding, I am sending
the enclosed data, as recorded in the Early History of the State of
Kansas, hoping it will be of interest to you and your patrons.
With Kindest Regards
Mrs. D. Collins
In the early history of Kansas,
Burden is described as the child at the railroad in-as-much it came
to the railroad rather than the railroad coming to it. In 1879 the
town site of Burden was surveyed by a town company consisting of R.
F. Burden, Ford, and Leonard, O. B. Gunn and T. K. Johnson. R. F.
Burden was the chairman of this company and the town was so named in
compliment to him. The ground for the site was purchased from Isaac
Gatton and, Finley Graham.
The Kansas City, Lawrence and
Southern Kansas, Railroad was completed, February 1, 1882, and the
town was established and the population increased rapidly for a
period of time. The first store building was occupied by Ford and
Leonard with a stock off general merchandise. The second building
was occupied by Hooker and Phelps, druggists and the third was the
Post Office building. The first birth In the city was a daughter
born to Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Hooker. The first marriage was that of:
Mr. James H. Woods and Miss Hattie Smith. The first death was that
of Mr. Wm. Schooling who was building a store room, and passed away
before its completion. The first physician of the town was Dr. J. M.
Wright and I. S. Moore was the first attorney. Prior to the founding
of the town, a Post Office had been established at Moscow, with L.
W. Hogue-as Postmaster, this was moved to Burden and E. A. Henthorn
became the first Postmaster of Burden. A school had been conducted
one mile north of the chosen townsite and this was also moved onto
the site in 1881, and the instructors were Mr. E A. Millard and Miss
Mattie West, who were succeeded, by Mr. T. J. Rude and Mrs. Mary A.
Rude in 1882. The school enrollment was 150. Both the Methodist and
Baptist people were holding services in nearby school houses before
the town was established. The Methodist church's first pastor was
the Rev. C. W. Commons who was followed by the Rev. J. I. Knight
whose picture still hangs on the wall of the present church as a
cherished token of that early day pastorate. The first Sabbath
school of the town was organized by the Methodist Church with an
enrollment of 75 and J. H. Phelps Superintendent.
The Baptist Church's first pastor
was the Rev. Thomas who was followed by the Rev. Firestone, and in
1882 had a membership of 20. The Church of Christ was organized by
the Rev. Shively of Lane, Kansas, with a membership of 35. The A. O.
U. W. Lodge was organized February 2, 1882 with 35 members and E. A.
Millard as M. W.
The first hotel was owned by J. H.
McCumber, then came the Hisler House managed by Mr. and Mrs. Solomon
Hisler, and later the Summit House owned by S. S. Moore.
The first newspaper was the
Enterprise established by D. O. McCray in 1880-its form was 6 column
folio-patent outside; in 1882 it had 900 circulation. J. W. Henthorn
was editor and it was strictly Republican in politics.
Silver Creek township was
organized in 1873 from parts of Omnia and Tisdale Townships and in
1882 had a population of 857. Cowley County derived its name from
Mathew Cowley, 1st Lieutenant in Company I Ninth Kansas Cavalry, who
died at Little Rock, Arkansas, in August 1864. The county was
organized on February 28, 1870, and at that time had upwards of 600
in habitants and in 1882 had a population of 20,500.